Nicotinamide mononucleotide (molecular formula: C11H15N2O8P, CAS number: 1094-61-7, also known as NMN, beta-Nicotinamide mononucleotide or β-NMN) is a vitamin B3 metabolite , naturally found in the human body, and in common foods such as broccoli and cabbage in tiny amounts.
NMN started to gain interest as a potential nutritional supplement in 2013, after a study conducted by Harvard scientists on mice resulted in a robust correction in age-associated metabolic dysfunction, and restored muscle mitochondrial function in old mice to levels seen in younger control mice, after administering NMN for just one week .
When the researchers compared insulin resistance, inflammation and muscle wastage in the muscle of the older mice, they found that these three indicators resembled that of younger mice; some aspects of the aging process were seemingly reversed
This dramatic rejuvenation of old mice as a result of NMN supplementation resulted in many more studies being conducted on NMN in the fields of rejuvenation, anti-aging, life extension, and performance enhancement.
NMN was first produced as a supplement for humans in 2015
, but was extremely expensive to manufacture, until methods were developed to reduce production costs and increase purity in 2018, at which point laboratories geared up for mass production started to come online.
Notable further studies by Harvard scientists have found that when NMN was administered to advanced aged mice, DNA repair capabilities were improved , as well as improved blood vessel growth, increased blood flow, and increased endurance.
Mice are not humans though, and promising results during trials on mice often do not transpire into positive results in humans. Multiple human trials are currently in progress [10,11,31], with NMN appearing to be safe for humans to consume, and preliminary results are said to be promising.
NMN is a precursor to the NAD+ molecule; the human body requires NMN in order to make its own NAD+.
NAD+ is the oxidised form of NAD (Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide), a molecule first discovered in 1906, and found in all living cells .
NAD+ levels naturally decline as the body ages , by up to 50% in human skin tissue by the age of 40-60.
NAD+ is important because it helps maintain healthy mitochondrial function; converting food into the energy needed to sustain the body, and turning off genes thought to contribute to accelerating the aging process
Preclinical studies have shown a correlation between lower NAD+ levels and some age-related health concerns . This may in part be because lower NAD+ levels reduce the capacity for cellular repair and resiliency, leading to a decline in cardio-metabolic health and a greater risk of neuro and muscular degeneration[19,20].
NAD+ is also critical for repairing broken DNA strands [21,28], for the function of sirtuins, a family of aging and longevity regulating enzymes[22,27], and for an enzyme called CD38, involved in immune function response[25,26].
It is therefore theorised that increasing NAD+ levels and maintaining high NAD+ levels into old age may increase the amount of time spent in good health. However, human trials are required before this theory can be substantiated.
Supplementing with NAD+ itself is not an option to boost NAD+ levels, because it is too big to readily cross cell membranes to enter cells, and therefore would be unable to positively affect metabolism . Supplementing with NMN, a precursor to NAD+, has been shown to increase NAD+ levels in mice , and is expected to show increased NAD+ levels in humans when clinical trials are completed, as other NAD+ precursors have done[29,30].
Boosting NAD+ levels with NMN supplementation in aged mice has been a remarkable success, resulting in rejuvenation, the reduction of several markers of age-related degeneration, increased endurance, and even extended lifespan [3,4,7,8,9,33].
One long term study on mice, conducted by the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, found that older mice administered with NMN had improvements in skeletal muscle, liver function, bone density, eye function, insulin sensitivity, immune function, body weight and physical activity levels . They found that young mice naturally produced enough NMN and didn’t see any benefit when supplementing with it; it was specifically older mice who showed dramatic improvement, as their ability to produce NMN had diminished.
The real question though, is what are the
potential benefits of NMN supplementation in humans? And the answer is that we don’t know.
As promising as the mice studies are, promising results during trials on mice often do not transpire into positive results in humans. Multiple human trials are currently in progress [10,11,31], with NMN at least appearing to be safe for humans to consume, and preliminary results are said to be promising.
When reviewing the studies in mice, it’s important to note the mg dosage per kg of body weight, which is often a lot higher than the equivalent recommended dosage in humans.
It’s also worth noting the length of time that NMN supplementation was administered. A week of NMN supplementation to a mouse could be equivalent to 25-45 weeks in a human .
NMN is being marketed by some as a miracle supplement, implying or claiming that benefits seen in studies on mice are to be expected in humans too. While it is possible to an extent, it’s misleading to make such claims at this stage.
There are some impressive anecdotal claims from people who have supplemented with NMN, but until results can be replicated in human trials, claims or promises of benefits to humans from supplementing with NMN can’t be substantiated.
If human trials are able to replicate some of the results seen in studies on mice, the potential implications are significant and wide-ranging, but until then, any hopes of NMN reversing or slowing down aging, treating illness, delaying degenerative diseases or extending lifespan are just theoretical.
We provide high purity, pharmaceutical grade, independently verified nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN), for sale in the UK with delivery worldwide, at fair and reasonable prices for a material that is so expensive to produce.
Nobody should consider taking any NMN supplement if the retailer can’t provide test results from a third party laboratory.
The test results should be from a reputable laboratory that isn’t associated with the manufacturer or the retailer, and should confirm that the product is at least 99% pure nicotinamide mononucleotide, and doesn’t contain any dangerous levels of heavy metals or micro-organisms.
Without third party testing, it’s completely unknown whether the product is what it claims to be, and whether it’s safe for human consumption. Unfortunately the market is rife with fake NMN due to the high price.
Every batch of PlantPills NMN powder is independently verified to have a purity of at least 99%, with no dangerous levels of heavy metals or micro-organisms. The certifications for the current batch are viewable below. The current batch of our NMN powder has a purity of 99.4%.
Pack sizes are 5 grams, 10 grams, 25 grams, 50 grams, 100 grams, 250 grams, 500 grams, 1 kilogram and 2 kilograms.
Different pack sizes are selectable in the basket.
PlantPills NMN powder is supplied in food-safe re-sealable bags that are clear on one side, with a 0.5ml spoon that holds 125mg of NMN powder when level.
The clear-sided pouch is supplied inside a pouch that doesn’t let any light in, and the clear-sided pouch should be kept inside this pouch.
PlantPills Glass Jars that hold up to 20 grams of NMN are available for purchase in the shopping basket. These can provide a more convenient form of administering the daily servings while keeping the main packet stored away.
Extra spoons or a 1ml spoon that holds 250mg of NMN powder are also available for purchase in the shopping basket.
Some NMN is claimed to be super, special, advanced, or in some way superior to other NMN.
As long as there is third party testing from a reputable laboratory proving the purity is greater than 99%, and doesn’t contain any dangerous levels of heavy metals or micro-organisms, the NMN is the same as any other NMN made to the same standards.
It’s also important to check the amount of NMN per serving, and the amount of servings per pack; for example 0.05g (50mg) per serving, with 30 servings per container, would total just 1.5 grams of NMN per container.
This would last only three days if taking 0.5g per day.
It is sensible for anyone who is new to taking NMN, to initially take just half of one 0.5ml spoon (about 60mg) and monitor themselves for any adverse reactions for 24 hours. If there is no reaction, proceed with supplementation the following day.
Directions: Place under the tongue and allow to dissolve (known as sublingual administration), then swallow. Splitting sublingual dosage into multiple smaller portions throughout the day may increase effectiveness.
Can alternatively be mixed in 100ml of water and drunk, or sprinkled onto food, but bio-availability may be lower.
Note: The best method of administration has been debated. Some very detailed research suggests that the liver may block or limit the delivery of NMN to tissues when taken orally, but other research suggests that there may be a transporter gene in the gut, where NMN is absorbed from the small intestine.
In general, sublingual administration can provide absorption via the blood vessels under the tongue, bypassing the digestive tract, and can result in a much more efficient absorption rate, depending on the molecule .
It must be noted that in most of the studies conducted with NMN on mice, the administration method was by mixing NMN into their drinking water. Mice drink by repeatedly dipping their tongue into water in order to scoop it into their mouth , so some of the absorption is likely to have inadvertently been via the sublingual route.
Recommended dosage: 0.5 grams (4x level 0.5ml scoops) per day.
Upper dosage: 1 gram (8x level 0.5ml scoops per day).
Note: The optimal dosage is unknown at this point, and is likely to be greater the older you are. For reference, Dr David Sinclair, Professor in the Department of Genetics at Harvard Medical School, has been at the forefront of NMN discoveries and experimentation for several years. He is very careful to never give advice or recommendations regarding this , but is himself taking 1 gram of NMN per day with yoghurt (as of January 2019), and has been taking NMN for about 3 years.
Note: It may be beneficial to take one or two days off per week from supplementing with NMN. There is no evidence to suggest that this is beneficial, but the body can respond positively when given periodic breaks from routine.
Note: A very detailed study into the SIRT1-LKB1-AMPK feedback loop in relation to resveratrol, and the effect of resveratrol on various pathways concluded that using NMN (nicotinamide mononucleotide) to boost NAD levels will enable resveratrol to be effective.
It can also be inferred that because of its indirect SIRT1 sirtuin activation, resveratrol may be needed to see the greatest effects from NMN.
If you are taking prescription medication, consult your doctor before use.
Keep contents in the packet or in a PlantPills Glass Jar until contents are finished. PlantPills Glass Jars that hold up to 20 grams of NMN are available for purchase in the shopping basket. These can provide a more convenient form of administering the daily servings while keeping the main packet stored away.
Re-seal packet after use and store in a cool dry place. PlantPills NMN is stable at room temperature, but can be refrigerated. If room temperature exceeds 24 degrees Celsius, storing in a refrigerator is advisable. Avoid exposing NMN to moisture or high humidity.
Please see the label from our 5 gram pack of Nicotinamide Mononucleotide (NMN) below.
Taking NMN as a nutritional supplement carries risks; it has only relatively recently been discovered to boost NAD+ levels, so the effect of long term NMN supplementation in humans is unknown. Use at your own risk.
It may be beneficial to take one or two days off per week from supplementing with NMN. There is no evidence to suggest that this is beneficial, but the body can respond positively when given periodic breaks from routine.
If you are taking prescription medication, consult your doctor before use.
Food supplements should not be used as a substitute for a varied diet.
Research around NMN is ongoing and fast moving, so the facts and opinions as they are presented on this site will change with time as more detailed and specific NMN studies are completed.
The information and products on this website are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent illness or disease, and are not intended to be a substitute for informed medical advice or care. You should consult with a doctor, physician, or other healthcare professional before starting any diet, exercise or supplementation program, before taking or discontinuing any medication, or if you have or suspect you might have a health problem. PlantPills is a division of Faxbase Ltd. and prices include VAT where applicable. The statements on this website have not been evaluated or authorized by the United States Food and Drug Administration, or The American Medical Association, or any other medical or healthcare body.